Learning and Therapy Corner | Lutherville | Speech/Language & Occupational Therapy | Psychological/Behavioral Services | Reading Services

Speech and Language

What is Speech?

Speech refers to the sounds that come out of our mouths.  When these sounds are put together they form words.

What is Language?

Language refers to the content of what is spoken, read, heard, written, or understood. 

Language can be gestural through body language and sign language.  There are two areas of language; receptive and expressive.  Receptive language is the ability to understand spoken speech, gestures and/or sign language.  Expressive language is the ability to create and express a spoken message that others can understand.  Children often have difficulty with both receptive and expressive language skills.  They may also have weak listening skills.  Listening skills are critical for receiving and developing language as well as for learning.


Our Speech-Language Pathologists treat children with:

  • Developmental Delays
  • Cognitive Delays
  • Autism Spectrum Disorders
  • Social Skills / Pragmatic Deficits
  • Receptive Language Delays/Disorders
  • Expressive Language Delays/Disorders
  • Articulation Disorders
  • Phonological Disorders
  • Apraxia of Speech / Motor Speech Disorders
  • Feeding / Swallowing Disorders
  • Oral-Motor Disorders
  • Tongue Thrust
  • Fluency Disorders (Stuttering)
  • Voice Disorders
  • Hearing Impairments
  • Language-Based Reading Disorders
  • Written Language Disorders
  • Attention Deficit Disorders
  • Auditory Processing Disorders
  • Sensory-Motor Disorders

You should contact a Speech-Language Pathologist if your child has:

  • trouble following directions 
  • unintelligible speech and/or difficult for others to understand 
  • trouble expressing his/her ideas and asking or answering questions 
  • has sound hesitations, prolongations, or sound repetitions (stutters)
  • has been teased about their speech 
  • shown frustration with his or her speech
  • poor listening skills
  • made few attempts at speech by 18 months
  • limited two word combinations by 2 years of age
  • often been unable to think of the right word